More and more families are betting, or at least trying to know, how it is the educational system of Montessori schools. Schools of this type are based on the teachings of the Italian pedagogue Maria Montessori. Among the pillars of this methodology is to promote respect for children in the same way that adults are respected and to promote the innate ability of children to learn on their own, that is, autonomously. But what are the advantages of choosing a Montessori school for your children? And the downsides? Let's see it!
Montessori teaching is gaining strength, so it is not surprising that there are many schools that offer it based on this educational system. It is a method by which children play an active role, becoming the central axis of their own learning. The students mark each day what they want to learn and how to do it. In this way, the teacher's role is merely a guide and reminder of the basic limits previously established. The little ones every morning when they arrive at school and throughout their day, they know in a self-taught way new concepts and knowledge that they will acquire little by little on their own.
The teacher does not have the duty to tell the children (of different ages in the same class) that today they are going to learn to add or make subject and predicate sentences, but rather everyone sets their own pace and decide what you want to do during the day. Education in this way becomes personalized and very enjoyable. It starts from the premise that all children have the ability to make their own decisions and take advantage of them. And it is that, as María Montessori herself said: 'Any unnecessary help is an obstacle to the child's development.'
It seems obvious, then, to say that there are many advantages for children to go to school with this methodology. Do we detail them one by one so that they are all clear?
1. Children's cognitive development is stimulated
The Montessori method developed in schools favors the cognitive development of children, as well as their creativity by having great freedom to experiment with everything around them.
2. Children's autonomy is promoted
On the other hand, social skills improve and autonomy is fostered. Children who attend this type of school are not shy or withdrawn, something that is enormously advantageous for them in adult life.
3. It is committed to freedom of movement
This system takes into account the need of children to be almost constantly on the move. So in these schools they can move, move and run as much as they want. By the way, there are no exams or homework either.
4. Personalized learning for each child is encouraged
Each one sets their own pace whether to read, write or count from one to ten. All the activities are created so that students can learn through trial and error without the need for the teacher to correct every time and give daily explanations. All objects are fully manipulable to learn concepts in a playful way.
The teacher does not put on the blackboard what the day's task is going to be, but each child marks his own within a minimum script that is put as a reference. Qualities such as a great imagination, an excellent memory, attention, and critical thinking are developed to the maximum extent possible.
5. Responsibility and respect are worked on
Another objective of Montessori schools, which translates into great advantages for boys and girls, is to achieve freedom of teaching by fostering trust, responsibility and respect at all times.
Let's now look at the possible disadvantages of children going to a Montessori school:
6. Loss of the essentials of the method
As we have said before, more and more schools claim to base their educational method on this Montessori system. However, it can become a disadvantage if the school itself does not know how to apply the teachings well due to lack of knowledge or because it does not have the appropriate professionals.
7. Academic knowledge can be delayed
Children mark their own learning with total freedom, also having a very active role. The problem arises when the child is not interested in certain subjects. If it is dragged over several courses, it can become a curricular fault for the student. On the other hand, as for other children his age who do not have this same education, it can make a big difference.
8. The school method can clash with the home method
While it is true that if parents enroll their children in a Montessori school it is because they are committed to education of this type, it does not mean that it is so easy to implement at home. At home, the same steps should be followed and the children should be given space and autonomy without appearing as an adult who sets rules or acts as a guide at all times, something that, surely you agree with me, is very complicated to carry out.
9. The cost of schools
There are more and more schools of this type, but all of them involve a high additional cost for families. It should also be noted that many educational centers are located in places far from the family home, which means daily trips.
10. It has no continuity
To this day, there is no higher education that follows this method. When the child wants to continue his higher studies, he will have to do it in traditional educational centers, which can mean a great change and a problem of social adaptation and the level of learning.
Now that you know the advantages and disadvantages of a Montessori school sure it is much easier for you to make a decision.
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